Black Florida Residents Demand End to Unfair Prosecution of Blacks

Trayvon-protest-Rick-Scott-2Marissa Alexander, a domestic violence survivor and mother of three whose 20-year prison sentence for firing a “warning shot” at her abusive husband attracted nationwide attention, now faces 60 years in prison if she’s re-convicted. Alexander had been serving a 20-year sentence for aggravated assault when a judge ordered she receive a new trial. Alexander tried unsuccessfully to use Florida’s Stand-Your-Ground law in her defense.

But now, Florida State Attorney Angela Corey wants to retry Alexander on three counts of aggravated assault. The state legislature sets the sentencing guidelines and under Florida’s 10-20-Life mandatory minimum law for crimes when a gun is involved. Meaning, Alexander could receive up to 20 years for each charge., the nation’s largest online civil rights group, is demanding that Florida Governor Rick Scott take definitive action to suspend State Attorney Angela Corey and condemn the charges against Marissa Alexander. ColorOfChange Executive Director Rashad Robinson explains, “State Attorney Corey has rejected persistent calls to drop the case once and for all, and instead has chosen to ramp up her shameful prosecution against Marissa. National outrage about Marissa’s case continues to grow and Governor Scott could pay a political price at the polls during his tight re-election campaign for Governor unless he takes action.”

With more than 900,000 members, is the nation’s largest online civil rights organization. “Governor Scott has the power and responsibility to intervene and demand justice for Marissa and for Florida as a whole,” adds Robinson. “By demanding that Gov. Scott hold Corey accountable for her actions, we have a real opportunity to move forward a national conversation on the ways in which black people are mistreated in our criminal justice system — and take steps to secure systemic change.”

RELATED: The George Zimmerman Case

Alexander was arrested on Aug. 1, 2010, after firing one shot inside her Jacksonville, Florida home. There were no injuries. Corey claims she fired the shot out of anger, not fear. Alexander was charged with three counts of aggravated assault for allegedly endangering the lives of Gray and two children in the home. After refusing a plea deal for three years in prison, the presiding Circuit Court Judge sentenced her to three 20-year stints to be served concurrently.

Alexander’s original May 2012 conviction was overturned Sept. 26, 2013, by the First District Court of Appeal in Florida, which found the presiding judge at her trial unfairly instructed jurors she had to prove her claim of self-defense. The 33-year-old Alexander was released on bail Nov. 27 after 21 months behind bars. Her retrial is slated to begin July 28.

Known as the “killingest prosecutor,” Florida State Attorney Angela Corey has a history of unjustly and excessively punishing African American defendants. True to form, she now intends to send Marissa Alexander — a domestic violence survivor and black mother of three — to prison for 60 years for firing a warning shot in self-defense to stop her abusive husband. In 2012, Marissa was unjustly sentenced to 20 years in prison, and after immense public outrage, she won her appeal and was set free last September.

Over the past 5 years, Corey has sent 21 people to death row — more than any other Florida prosecutor — 66% of which has been African Americans despite the fact that African Americans account for only 16% of the population in her district. Additionally, Corey’s refusal to acknowledge racial bias has led to accusations of prosecutorial misconduct, most recently in the murder trials of George Zimmerman and Michael Dunn, who were both “let off the hook for killing black youth,” notes the ColorOfChange.

“As long as Angela Corey remains at her post, Florida’s criminal justice system will continue to fail black folks. Black women face unique harm and discrimination in the criminal justice system, and are today’s fastest growing population of people in prison. Black domestic violence survivors are disproportionately more likely to be punished for the abuse and violence they experience,” concludes Robinson.

Business Lessons from the First Lady’s China Visit

michelle obama clapping and smilingOn the heels of First Lady Michelle Obama’s weeklong visit to China, it’s a good time to look at what small business owners can learn about doing business in one of the world’s economic powerhouses. To that end, BE tapped Julia A. Wilson, CEO of Wilson Global Communications, a Washington, D.C.-based international public affairs consulting firm.

Wilson (Twitter: @JuliaWilson_DC), who will also serve as the moderator of BE’s ‘Doing Business Globally” session at the 2014 Black Enterprise Entrepreneurs Conference + Expo to be held May 14-17 in Columbus, points out that the First Lady’s style of relating to Chinese people on a personal basis and showing interest in Chinese culture is the Chinese art of ‘guanxi’ (Goo-ang-she). This is an art that applies strongly to business relationships as well. According to Wilson, who has spent considerable time doing business and living in China, the Chinese people appreciate ‘heartfelt’ relationship-building, or guanxi, –their concept of a deeper version of networking.

Here are some things to be aware of when looking to do business in China:

There are no “business deals,” in China, only “business relating.” The Chinese value relationships that are anchored in mutual trust and take two forms: trust with the head (one’s abilities, skills and knowledge); and trust with the heart (which involve emotional closeness, empathy and rapport). “Correlating both is essential to building a long-term business relationship. The second form of guanxi can challenge American businesspeople since we’re more accustomed to showing our competence to earn trust, but may find it time-consuming to develop the ‘heart-based’ trust, which sometimes can take years, says Wilson. “We can become impatient in an effort to ‘close’ a business deal,” according to our independent and sometimes, short timeline. The strength and longevity of relationships in China show trustworthiness, which take precedence over specific know-how in a business setting.”

RELATED: Michelle Obama is a Woman of Power

The Chinese value the continuity and reliability of the relationship over profits and sales figures. According to Wilson, while some US businesspeople understand that process here in the US, she says what’s different and central to learning guanxi is the fact that China is a group-oriented ‘community culture’ as opposed to America’s ‘individualism.’ “Within this concept, everyone takes responsibility for each other as part of a close-knit group of immediate and extended families and strong friendships built over many years, rather than each person only being responsible for his or her role,” she says. “In China, you are judged less on your individual merits and more on your personal qualities.”

Wilson also offers the following advice for American entrepreneurs looking to participate in a business culture based on lifelong business relationships and demonstrate ‘heartfelt’ trustworthiness:

Don’t Stereotype: When interacting with a potential client, make them feel that you are understanding them from a human perspective, and not merely stereotyping them. This is where doing your homework comes in handy. And if you don’t fully comprehend what someone is saying, ask for clarification. Ask “what do you mean by that?”

Learn the Language: While the Mandarin Chinese language is challenging, learning how to speak and understand it is often the gateway to entering Chinese culture. When you learn their language, you will gain a better understanding of Chinese thinking through communication. If you hire a translator for your interactions, keep in mind that the translator does not have the same stake in the relationship as you do. S/He is not trying to develop guanxi, you are. So, listening, observing and participating in Chinese language will give you a deeper understanding of the culture.

Do your Homework: If you’re hosting a presentation on your company in China, learn about the target markets’ needs and interests and hone in on how your products and/or services would enhance their industry. Once you demonstrate that you are willing to work with them where they are, the Chinese people will begin to open up.

Why Critics of Historic NCAA Union Labor Ruling Are Missing The Point

Bill Spriggs

By Bill Spriggs

The Chicago regional office of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has ruled in favor of the College Athletes Players Association (CAPA) in determining that the scholarship football players at private Northwestern university had the right to form a union. Courageous leadership by Kain Colter of Northwestern and CAPA founder Ramogi Huma led to this victory. Now, everyone is crying in their beer because the discussion has focused on athletes being paid. But, CAPA is about all that unions do: giving voice to the workers.

Too little attention is focused on issues of player safety and health in the media storm following the ruling. For instance, almost no mention has been made of the new $1 billion TV contract for the NCAA and the lack of long-term health assistance to former players who have been injured. And, few reporters have read the decision to understand the facts presented: including “voluntary” meetings extending beyond the four hours a day of required practice allowed by NCAA rules, organized practices between 7:50 a.m. and 11:50 a.m. Tuesday through Thursday that clearly conflict with scheduled coursework and travel time to and from games, not included in the NCAA count of time players spend. In all, players spend 40 to 50 hours a week on football during the fall semester of classes.

Some are taking this as a teaching moment to reflect on access to higher education more broadly. During March Madness, some of the ironies are in full display. UCLA, with a storied history in college basketball, made it to the round of 16 this week in the NCAA Division I men’s basketball tournament. Less noticed is that this past fall, UCLA admitted only 48 male African American freshmen. Many of the universities we see on television in March show basketball teams with great diversity. Yet, their broader study body does not look so diverse.

To young African-American men, in particular, is there little wonder then that sports appear to be the real ticket? Currently, the U.S. Department of Education is touting rules that ironically will benefit these same schools, as if they were models in developing the talent America needs for its future given that the majority of Americans born this year are of color and 20 percent of American children are poor. The scorecard the department envisions does not reward the schools doing the heavy lifting outside this limelight.

RELATED: Adidas Blocked Out of Contracts by College School Programs

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) are responsible for about one in five African-Americans who earn baccalaureate degrees in science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM) fields. That is why, shows that the starting salaries of baccalaureate holders from HBCUs like Prairie View A&M University, Tuskegee University and North Carolina A&T State University are higher than for many of the schools in the Sweet 16 like the Universities of Arizona, Wisconsin, Kentucky, Tennessee, Iowa State University, Michigan State University and Baylor University.

Howard University, Spelman College, Xavier University of Louisiana, Hampton University, Florida A&M University and Morgan State University are the top six in the nation in producing black workers who will go on to earn doctorates in the STEM fields. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a distant member of the leaders, in 12th place.

Yet, the Education Department is pursuing a scorecard slanted to be a model for universities with huge endowments and already high tuition like MIT. That model doles out discounts to some students who need help paying tuition and saddles many with debts. The model does not scale up to handle large numbers of slots for students who qualify for Pell grants-which max out at $5,645 a year. Among top schools, Harvard and MIT look good for having 20 percent of their students eligible for Pell Grants. At Tuskegee, 64 percent of students get Pell Grants, as it is high for most HBCUs. But without the $32 billion in endowment of Harvard or the $11 billion endowment of MIT, and without being able to charge tuition rates of around $43,000 like Harvard and MIT, it is a huge challenge to provide assistance to such a large number of students without the means to pay; and leads to rising debt for others.

The other solution is for America to commit to dramatically increase investment in our colleges – publicly endow them – to make access to college an American right – not leave access to the vagaries of past inequalities and the elites who aren’t measuring up in delivering access or diversity on the necessary scale.

Follow Spriggs on Twitter: @WSpriggs. Contact: Amaya Smith-Tune Acting Director, Media Outreach AFL-CIO 202-637-5142

Kate Spade, Macy’s, and Other Brands Support NYC Fashion Start-Up Accelerator

ny fashion tech labSome of New York City’s leading fashion retailers including J. Crew and Macy’s are teaming up to support a tech start-up accelerator and competitive mentorship program called the New York Fashion Tech Lab. The NYFT Lab is the result of a collaboration between the Partnership Fund for New York City, Springboard Enterprises and major fashion retailers focused on targeting early and growth stage companies that have developed innovations at the intersection of fashion, retail, and technology. The Lab is backed by founding members; ANN INC., The Estee Lauder Companies Inc., J. Crew, Kate Spade & Company, Macy’s, and Ralph Lauren Corporation.

The Lab, a 12-week program lasting from May to July, will host companies working in the broad “fashion tech” space, including data standardization, customer engagement, security, radio-frequency identification and more. Applications to join the competitive program will be accepted through April 4 at

The Lab’s founding members will help select companies to participate in the program. The participants will work with mentors through a series of one-on-one meetings, workshops, and user-group sessions to fine-tune and develop their technologies and business strategies. The program culminates with a “Demo Day” presentation by all participants in front of an audience of venture capitalists and industry executives. NYFT Lab companies must commit to reside in NYC throughout the program.

“We’re looking for entrepreneurs who have innovative technology solutions that address the needs of the fashion and retail industry, including technologies from other sectors that can be redirected to fashion and retail,” Kay Koplovitz, co-chair of NYFT Lab, Board Member of Kate Spade & Company and Chairman of Springboard Enterprises, said in a statement.

RELATED: Ikire Jones Mixes High Fashion With African Aesthetics

“This exciting new program leverages one of New York City’s strongest industries and combines it with a successful model we developed for the financial tech and digital health sectors,” Maria Gotsch, co-chair of NYFT Lab and President and CEO of the Partnership Fund for New York City added. “By identifying the most innovative fashion technology entrepreneurs in the Fashion Capital of the World and giving them direct access to the leaders in the industry, we will create jobs in the city and strengthen the sector overall.”

Fashion is a $1.7 trillion global industry, according to Fashion United, with US sales totaling over $250 billion. The lab’s founders see New York’s fashion scene as vital, with 800 fashion companies— more than double that of Paris, its closest competitor—creating 173,000 jobs in design, manufacturing, wholesale, and retail. Each year, the fashion industry generates nearly $10 billion in local wages and $1.7 billion in tax revenue.

The Lab is based on three successful programs, the Springboard Enterprises Accelerator Program, the FinTech Innovation Lab, run by the Partnership Fund and Accenture, and the New York Digital Health Accelerator, run by New York eHealth Collaborative and the Partnership Fund.

Springboard’s annual Accelerator Program provides 30 women-led companies in technology and life sciences with a ‘personal advisory team.’ In 14 years, Springboard portfolio companies raised $6.2 billion, created tens of thousands of new jobs, generated billions of dollars in annual revenues, and include 10 that listed on the NASDAQ.

The FinTech Innovation Lab is a similarly designed 12-week program that has provided 18 technology entrepreneurs with mentoring and access to more than 30 leading bank CEOs, CTOs, CIOs, venture capitalists and technology luminaries since it was founded in 2010. That program has raised $42 million in venture financing.

For more information about the NYFT Lab, visit and follow @nyftlab on Twitter.

SBA’s New Head Expected to Increase Access to Capital for Minorities

maria-contreras-sweetThe US Small Business Administration needs to work towards easing regulations, getting banks to lend more, and assisting small companies in winning more federal contracts, especially among minority-owned firms. The agency also needs to do a better job of getting the word out to companies about what it has to offer, all according to small business advocates.

That will be the charge of the SBA’s new Administrator Maria Contreras-Sweet, who was finally confirmed by the Senate last week.  She had been nominated by President Obama back in January. Her confirmation hearing was held before the U.S. Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship in February. Contreras-Sweet, whose family immigrated from Mexico when she was five, becomes the second Hispanic Cabinet member in President Barack Obama’s second-term Administration.

The nomination and voting on Contreras-Sweet received strong bipartisan support. reports Senator Maria Cantwell (D-Wash), Chair of the Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee, brought the nomination to the Senate floor saying:

“The SBA has been without an Administrator for eight months, and it’s critical that we get this position filled today. We can’t forget that small businesses create two out of three new jobs in our country…. Every single day we need to think about small businesses in our community, and how much we need to help and support them. Everything from Chobani yogurt to Ben & Jerry’s ice cream, Federal Express… have all been small businesses benefiting from the SBA program and to have somebody like Maria Contreras-Sweet to be this person is critical to us.”

RELATED: Why Obama’s New SBA Appointee Will be Good for Minority Business

The SBA has made progress in streamlining its loan programs and getting more lenders to participate, but there’s still a perception that there’s too much red tape involved in getting an SBA loan.

Contreras-Sweet said during the confirmation hearing, she’ll make sure small businesses know “this is not your grandfather’s SBA.”

Ron Busby, president of the U.S. Black Chambers Inc., believes Contreras-Sweet’s strong background as a minority and woman small business owner and business banker will serve in strengthening the nation’s small businesses. Busby says that her banking background gives her a unique understanding of increasing access to capital for black business owners.

What Young Adults Think of the Affordable Care Act

The Black Youth Project conducted a survey to find out how American youth feel about the Affordable Care Act.

The organization conducted a national survey in January 2014 of 1,500 young people under the age of 30.

Some of the Black Youth Project survey findings:

  • More than 80% of black youth approve of the Affordable Care Act compared with 51.8% of Latino youth and 34% of Caucasian youth.
  • Black young adults are in favor of the individual mandate at higher rates (41.4%) than either Latino youth (33.4%) or Caucasian youth (9.4%).
  • Black youth (9.5%) and Latino youth (7.7%) said they signed up for coverage under the ACA at more than double the rate of white youth (3.5 percent).
  • Among the uninsured, 70 percent of Black youth reported they planned to sign up.

The study concludes that young people’s attitudes about the Affordable Care Act are most likely impacted by their views on the necessity of health care reform, which are molded by their experiences with the health care system.

Fast facts about young adults and the Affordable Care Act:

    ◾Young adults age 26 and under do not have to purchase an individual policy. You can be added to your parent’s health plan.
  • Both married and unmarried young adults age 26 and under can be covered under their parent’s plan.
  • If you are on your parent’s health plan and are about to lose your coverage soon, know that some private health insurance companies have volunteered to provide coverage for young adults losing coverage as a result of graduating from college or aging out of dependent coverage on a family policy.

Black Enterprise Driving Innovation Hackathon Champions

Chris Grant led the team behind Viza, the winning app in Black Enterprise’s Driving Innovation Hackathon.

Black Enterprise’s Driving Innovation Hackathon presented by Toyota has come to a close, with all four teams creating amazing environmentally friendly apps in as little as 24 hours.

The winner, team Viza, walked away as the champion, showing how to integrate environmental friendliness, conscious consumerism, and smart business decisions into a single app.

The Hackathon was hosted by Mary Pryor and Mike Street, who interviewed judges and developers throughout the Hackathon.

The fourth place spot went to StartupBoss, an app that helped potential black business owners create environmentally conscious business plans based on their personality or working style.

The team behind the app included game discovery service Bundlecamp founder Michael Piggott, General Assembly admissions producer Nena Ugwuomo, and freelance programmer Zachary Boyd.

Third place went to Makazi Mtingwa and Natasha’s Court founder Candida Haynes for their app Greenbux Trivia, an augmented reality gaming app that empowers small minority businesses and community networks to make lifestyle choices while they walk around and discover their neighborhood.

In second place came Elnerdo, the environmental platformer game by Andre Smith and Jason Scoon, who were acquaintances before the event took place. “I’m really glad to work with Andre,” Scoon said. “We talked about getting me more into game development since that’s more of my specialty as opposed to Andre being on the web…It was a pretty good opportunity to…start building our own product together.”

First place went to the Viza team, led by 16-year-old Chris Grant, an iOS and web developer, and student at Stuyvesant High School. Ruby programmer Rich Grundy, systems engineer Vietnhi Phuvan, and Silicon Harlem co-founder Bruce Lincoln were also team members.

Lincoln, a veteran in the programming community, let the younger developers and provided them with guidance. “I’m in the background, I’m letting these kids lead the way…we can learn a lot from them,” he said.

Viza is a data-driven, decision making app that uses a more mature gamification aspect to encourage environmentally conscious decision-making that will save money and give you points on a community-driven leaderboard for buying eco-friendly soap, carpooling, and using less water and electricity.

The hackathon winners were picked by six judges: Adobe’s Malcolm Jones, Tumblr developer and Black Techies founder Kyle Wanamaker, All Star Code founder Christina Lewis Halpern, Silicon Harlem co-founder Eric Hamilton, Verizon executive Michelle Dutton, Qeyno Labs co-founder Kalimah Priforce, and NYU’s Sumit Gupta.

All the judges grilled each team on various elements of their presentation, from the backend software behind the apps to the reason they chose certain elements and business plans.

Priforce gave a very essential piece of advice at the end of the presentation portion of the Hackathon. “Don’t be afraid to use the world ‘black’ in your ideas,” said Kalimah. “Silicon Valley is hungry for apps in smaller niches that cater to minority businesses.”

In the end, the Driving Innovation Hackathon helped bring diverse coders together to learn from one another and to help create the next killer apps for businesses looking to made green decisions while making some green in the process.

Black Enterprise would like to thank everyone who attended for making the event a success. Another Hackathon is most certainly on the way, and will be bigger and better, so make sure to check out Black Enterprise for more information and news on business, technology, and entrepreneurship.

Think Starting a Business in The US is Hard? Try Italy

regulations hurt small business

If you think it’s hard to start a business here in the United States, you might just consider how hard people perceive it in other countries.  A whopping 96% of Italians say their government makes it hard to start a business. Greece, Spain and Portugal aren’t far behind — with 93%, 82% and 80% respectively saying their governments make it hard.

And what are some of the places where entrepreneurs think their government doesn’t give them such a hard time?  Try Malta, Sweden and Luxembourg.

This chart from a recent Gallup Poll says a lot about the perception of how regulations hurt small business and startups in Europe today:

Regulatory burden of European entrepreneurs

Meanwhile, back in the United States, don’t pat yourselves on the back yet.  We Americans are not immune from our own perceptions about government interference and obstacles.

There’s a strong perception among small businesses that regulations hurt them.  Citing different Gallup polls from 2013, Professor Scott Shane pointed out how small business owners perceive regulations as being a problem. And business owners — the ones who actually have to comply with regulations – see regulations as more of a hindrance than the average citizen.

Shane wrote:

“Similarly, 72 percent of small business owners said that government regulations were a problem, while only 48 percent of American adults said so.  * * *  Taxes and regulation are problematic for a larger fraction of small business owners than Americans overall.”

Favorable Impression of Entrepreneurs and Business Owners

With unemployment still high in Europe, you’d think entrepreneurship could be part of the answer.  Say the Gallup pollsters:

“While residents in most EU countries are more likely to feel the government makes it hard, rather than easy, to start a business, this perception is particularly troublesome to future growth in countries such as Greece and Spain, where unemployment is not expected to drop much lower than 26% this year. New jobs in these and several other European countries will largely need to come from the private sector after austerity measures forced some of the deepest public-sector job cuts in a generation.”

Many Europeans have a good opinion of entrepreneurs.  They believe entrepreneurs to be good role models, a Gallup Poll says.  Compare this chart to the one above:

Business owners as role models in Europe

And what about the United States?  According to the 2014 Edelman Trust Barometer, small businesses and family-owned businesses are trusted more than their larger counterparts or government in North America.   Family owned businesses are trusted by 85% and small and midsize businesses are trusted by 78%.

Bottom line: The majority of people in the United States and Europe view entrepreneurs and small businesses owners favorably.  Yet those same business owners and entrepreneurs believe their governments get in their way far too much and that regulations hurt small business and startups.

Italian Entrepreneur Photo via Shutterstock

The post Think Starting a Business in The US is Hard? Try Italy appeared first on Small Business Trends.

Success Quips: 3 Quickfire Networking Tips with Boss Network’s Cameka Smith

In this special series, we share quick and easy tips on career enhancement and workplace issues—on everything from networking to leadership to conflict resolution—from industry leaders.

Cameka Smith, Award-winning Enterpreneur, Founder, The Boss Network:

Best thing to do in an awkward networking situation…

Humor is always the best way to handle a situation like this. Not that we are making light of the situation, but just showing transparency to the point that [we all know we are] not perfect.

Great way to follow up that will ensure you stand out…

Remember something personal about the person you are connecting with. It might be a funny story that you shared or a article that you ran across that could benefit them in their business endeavor. This shows that you were paying attention and have a genuine interest in building the relationship.

One great way to get over the intimidation factor …

People like realness. A simple, “Hello, I am a fan of your work especially the ….” can make or break an introduction. Having knowledge of something they have done or an award they received always makes people feel good.

Cameka Smith is a speaker, educator, author, and social entrepreneur and founder of The BOSS Network, a community of career and entrepreneurial women who support each other through conversation, online and via event-based networking. In addition, Smith provides resources for women entrepreneurs and professionals through workshops and speaking engagements. She is also a mentor and program facilitator for Project BOSS, which matches professionals with youth.

New Survey: Generation Y Most Equipped to Handle Today’s Greatest Challenges

A new survey of 17- to 26-year-olds finds an optimistic generation that believes it has more potential and is better equipped than the past generation to handle the greatest issues facing society. Of the young people polled, 62% said that it is likely that their generation “is better equipped to handle the greatest issues facing society”; 72% said that is a result of “access to better technology”; and 79% said that they are “optimistic about the direction of their local community.”

More than 1,000 college students gathered recently for the Clinton Global Initiative University (CGIU) meeting at Arizona State University in Tempe to engage in developing solutions to some of the most pressing concerns of their generation. These undergraduate and graduate students will create new, specific and measurable plans to address their generation’s greatest challenges.

The poll examined the issues that drive young people to action, the tactics they think are useful to enact change, and the characteristics that their generation has that gives them the potential to make the world a better place:

Most Important Issues:

  • Education (97%)
  • Human Rights (94%)
  • The Economy (96%)

The poll indicated that 59% are committed to action and believe that the best way to make an impact on a cause or issue is by dedicating time to a cause; 86% think it is important that businesses donate to worthy causes, 80% think it is important that businesses give back to the community.

They also believe their generation is uniquely positioned to handle social issues because compared to their parents’ generation, they are more creative (81% to 19%), open minded (81% to 19%), and innovative (79% to 21%).